Types of Leadership Styles (With Examples) and Qualities of a leader (2022)

by Saanjh Shekhar

Read this article to learn about Leadership Types and Qualities of a leader

A good leader is very imperative for any team. The world has had its fair share of some great leaders including Nelson Mandela, Mahatma Gandhi, Abraham Lincoln, Che Guevara, Margaret Thatcher, and many more. However, we must note that none of them had the same personality, but had a few same qualities that made them stalwarts of their respective nations.

Types of Leadership Styles (With Examples) and Qualities of a leader (1)

(Video) Leadership | 5 Types of Leadership Styles (with Examples)

There are various types of leadership. Some are autocratic, while others are democratic. Some are accommodating of new ideas, while some want to stick to their own norms and rules. Some are laid back while others are go-getters.

Types of leadership

To find the type you are- go through these, and find which fits you the best.

  1. “Do as I say” – Autocratic Leadership style

Usually, these types of leaders think that they are the smartest and best-skilled people out of everyone in the room. They make all the decisions for the team without any input from the team members. This was present in the past, especially when many of these types of leaders were also present in politics. This type of leadership was reflected in Adolf Hitler, Genghis Khan and many more.

Fear not, not everything is negative about this type of leader. This leadership style works best in a situation where no one is stepping up to make a decision and the decision needs to be made at the earliest. It also works when you are working with someone inexperienced or new

  1. “Follow me”-AuthoritativeLeadership style

Thesetypeof leaderssetsthe expectationandmarks the milestone. This is the mark of a confident leader as they energize people on the way. In aback-groundofuncertainty, these people help to lift the fog from people’s heads.

(Video) 5 Different Types of Leadership Styles | Brian Tracy

Unlike autocratic leaders, authoritative leaders take the time to explain their thinking: They don’t just issue orders. Most of all, they allow people choice and latitude on how to achieve common goals. An example that proves our point is Vladimir Putin

  1. “Do as I do” –Pacesetting Leadership Style

Pacesetters will usually be coaches of sports teams wherein they push their students or team members to achieve a particular goal. They set the bar high, and continuously modify their milestones. This type of leader will keep his eye on the ball at all times, and will never give up. On the surface, this type of leader seems great, but dig deeper and you can find signs ofburn outin his team members.

“Many employees feel overwhelmed by the pacesetter’s demands for excellence,” Goleman, a psychologist notes, “and their morale drops.”

  1. “What Do You Think?”- Democratic style

Unlike the types mentioned above, this leadership type does not involve a top-down process of learning.A leader that is democraticwill ask his/her team members before taking a crucial decision. This is a participative leadership style where things are decided upon through consensus.

The benefit of this leadership style is that it can make the team members more cooperative. This will also make them feel more valued as they feel as if they are part of the decision making process. Examples of this type of leader include Mahatma Gandhi, Obama.

(Video) Leadership Styles Explained (Kurt Lewin)

Read: Ideological similarities and differences between Gandhi and Ambedkar!

  1. “I trust you, do what you think is best” – Laissez-faire style

The laissez-faire leadership style is at the opposite end of the autocratic style. This involves the least amount of oversight. This type of leader often lets people swim with the current.

However, there are limitations to this. A laissez-faire leader may be seen as someone who trusts their employees but if taken too far, may seem like someone aloof of what is happening in their team. This style can work only if you are leading high skilled employees who are very experienced. A PhD supervisor can afford to adopt this style but a school teacher cannot.

The best kind of leadership is a combination of all of these. One must adopt a style that suits their situation. This is called situational leadership theory and it refers to the adoption of different leadership styles according to the requirement and development level of the team. This highlights your adaptability as a leader.

Let’s focus on the qualities that a leader must develop in him/herself.

These qualities include:

(Video) Types of leadership style & qualities & characterestics of good leader

  1. Vision: Great Leaders can see into the future (not literally though). They have the fantastic ability of foresight where they can predict the consequences of their action. They have a clear and exciting idea of where they want to go with the team and what they want to accomplish.
  1. Courage: Courage translates into the ability to take risks. Their resilience is also high. Even if they encounter failure the first time, they will be sure to get back up and lead the way to success.
  1. Communication: Effective leaders are effective communicators. They have to guide a large team and thus have to make sure that the message transmission within the team is fast and clear. Effective communication also includes the ability to persuade and influence people.
  1. Decisiveness: A good leader can take decisions. They can take ownership of bad decisions and give credit to the team for good ones. The leader must be willing to take the risk, keeping in mind, even if their decision fails they will be held accountable for it.
  1. Charisma: People are willing to follow the lead of the people they like. Charismatic leaders have the necessary charm and approachability that makes them likeable.
  1. Positive Attitude: A leader should be optimistic about the outcomes of the company. He/she must keep the team motivated and keep the energy of the team-up. That could mean anything, from asking about the health of your team members to remembering little details about them. This quality makes you more likeable in the eyes of your team.
  1. Team player: This is one of the most fundamental qualities of a leader. A leader must know when to take the back seat in a team. The leader should be able to become a follower when needed, and when she/he feels that someone else in the team might be more experienced in a particular field than the leader.

“The pessimist complains about the wind. The optimist expects it to change. The leader adjusts the sails.” Says John Maxwell. However no leader is the same, you must focus on enhancing some capabilities that you have out of the above, instead of trying to have all of them.

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Types of Leadership Styles (With Examples) and Qualities of a leader (2)

About Saanjh Shekhar

Saanjh Shekhar is a first-year student of Lady Shri Ram College. She is studying sociology and is passionate about the subject. She loves writing and debating. Her other interests include reading lots of fiction. She's a fan of all things classic, including movies and books. If you ever want to have deep discussions about life or even light ones about social conditioning, you can hit her up on her Insta id which is saanjh_shekhar

FAQs

What are the types of leadership styles give example? ›

8 Different Leadership Styles (and Their Pros and Cons)
  • Transactional Leadership. ...
  • Transformational Leadership. ...
  • Servant Leadership. ...
  • Democratic Leadership. ...
  • Autocratic Leadership. ...
  • Bureaucratic Leadership. ...
  • Laissez-Faire Leadership. ...
  • Charismatic Leadership.

What are 4 types of leadership styles? ›

Types of Leadership Styles
  • Autocratic.
  • Democratic.
  • Laissez-faire.
  • Transformational.
Mar 14, 2022

What is leadership and examples? ›

1. 1. Inspires trust and confidence in other members of the group. An example of leadership is a store manager leading the team to more sales. An example of leadership is the ability to take control of a situation and guide people.

What are the 3 types of leadership? ›

In 1939, Kurt Lewin identified three types of leadership styles in business: autocratic, democratic, and laissez-faire. Each, of course, comes with its own advantages and disadvantages.

What is your leadership style best answer? ›

Example Answer #1:

“I would describe my leadership style as direct, and leading by example. I enjoy delegating tasks and taking the lead on projects, but I also like to stay involved and inspire my team by showing that I'm working hands-on to help them, too.

What are the 6 styles of leadership? ›

According to Daniel Goleman, Richard Boyatzis, and Annie McKee, there are six emotional leadership styles – Authoritative, Coaching, Affiliative, Democratic, Pacesetting, and Coercive. Each style has a different effect on the emotions of the people that you're leading.

How many leadership styles are there? ›

The seven primary leadership styles are: (1) Autocratic, (2) Authoritative, (3) Pace-Setting, (4) Democratic, (5) Coaching, (6) Affiliative, (7) Laissez-faire.

What are the 5 types of leadership styles? ›

Let's take a look at the five most common leadership styles and how they can influence an organization's success.
  • Authoritarian leadership (autocratic) ...
  • Participative leadership (democratic) ...
  • Delegative leadership (laissez-faire) ...
  • Transactional leadership (managerial) ...
  • Transformational leadership (visionary)
Nov 1, 2021

What are the 7 leadership styles? ›

There are seven primary leadership styles.
  • Autocratic. ...
  • Authoritative. ...
  • Pacesetting. ...
  • Democratic. ...
  • Coaching. ...
  • Affiliative. ...
  • Laissez-Faire.
Jul 22, 2021

What is leadership example of leadership? ›

You can practice good leadership skills in any role, at any level. For example, showing up on time to meetings and turning in work on schedule shows dependability. Offering support and coaching to less experienced colleagues is also an example of leadership.

What are examples of organizational leadership? ›

The company CEO, army general, political party leader, school superintendent, department head, team coach – these are but a few examples representing one of the fundamental components of organizational leadership.

What is an example of autocratic leadership? ›

What do Adolf Hitler, Napoleon Bonaparte, Queen Elizabeth I, and Vladimir Putin have in common? They are all examples of autocratic leadership—when one leader exercises complete, authoritarian control over a group or organization—or in the case of these famous autocrats, vast empires.

What is the most important quality of a leader? ›

The most important qualities of a good leader include integrity, accountability, empathy, humility, resilience, vision, influence, and positivity. “Management is about persuading people to do things they do not want to do, while leadership is about inspiring people to do things they never thought they could.”

What is the 10 qualities of a good leader? ›

The Top 10 Qualities of a Great Leader
  • Vision. ...
  • Inspiration. ...
  • Strategic & Critical Thinking. ...
  • Interpersonal Communication. ...
  • Authenticity & Self-Awareness. ...
  • Open-Mindedness & Creativity. ...
  • Flexibility. ...
  • Responsibility & Dependability.

What are leadership qualities PDF? ›

The characteristics of effective leadership are, honesty and integrity, confidence, skills and abilities, commitment and passion, accountability, delegation and empowerment, creativity and innovation, empathy, resilience, emotional intelligence, humility, transparency, vision and purpose, teamwork, and instructional ...

How do you lead by example? ›

Here are seven ways to lead by example and inspire your team.
  1. Get your hands dirty. Do the work and know your trade. ...
  2. Watch what you say. ...
  3. Respect the chain of command. ...
  4. Listen to the team. ...
  5. Take responsibility. ...
  6. Let the team do their thing. ...
  7. Take care of yourself.
Apr 23, 2013

What is your management style examples? ›

You can use the examples below to help form your own answer to this question based on the type of management style you follow.
  • Example 1: Transformational management.
  • Example 2: Visionary management.
  • Example 3: Democratic management.
  • Example 4: Mentoring or training management.
  • Example 5: Laissez-faire management.
Mar 31, 2021

How do you introduce yourself as a leader examples? ›

The best way to tackle it is to simply state that I am here to help you be your best.

Videos

1. Top 6 leadership styles with examples of great leaders
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2. 4 Types of Leadership Styles
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3. Leadership Styles: Which Type of Leader Are You?
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4. Leadership Styles
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5. Leadership Styles | Democratic | Autocratic | Laissez faire | Tranformational | Transactional
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6. Types of Leadership Style Explanation in tamil ( தமிழில் )
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