Demographics of South Africa (2023)

2007 Schools Wikipedia Selection. Related subjects: African Geography

Until 1991, South African law divided the population into four major racial categories: blacks (African), whites, coloureds, and Asians. Although this law has been abolished, many South Africans still view themselves and each other according to these categories. Black Africans comprise about seventy-five percent of the population and are divided into a number of different ethnic groups including those from Angola and Mozambique who are descendants of refugees who have settled South Africa. Whites comprise about thirteen percent of the population. They are primarily descendants of Dutch, French, English, and German settlers who began arriving at the Cape in the late 17th century. There is a Portuguese minority including the descendants of the first European explorers and the Portuguese who left the former Portuguese colonies of southern Africa (Angola and Mozambique) after their independence in the mid-70s. Coloureds are mixed-race people primarily descended from the earliest settlers, their slaves, and the indigenous peoples. They comprise about nine percent of the total population. Most Asians descend from Indian indentured workers who came to South Africa in the mid-19th century to work on the sugar estates in Natal. Others include the descendants of Indian traders who migrated to South Africa at around the same time. They constitute about three percent of the population and are concentrated in the KwaZulu-Natal Province. There is also a small Chinese population of approximately 100,000 people.

Statistics

Demographics of South Africa, Data of

FAO, year 2005; Number of inhabitants in thousands.

Population: 44,344,136 Estimates for this country explicitly take into account the effects of excess mortality due to AIDS; this can result in lower life expectancy, higher infant mortality and death rates, lower population and growth rates, and changes in the distribution of population by age and sex than would otherwise be expected (July 2005 est.)

Age structure:

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0-14 years: 30.3% (male 6,760,137/female 6,682,013)
15-64 years: 64.5% (male 13,860,727/female 14,750,496)
65 years and over: 5.2% (male 893,360/female 1,397,403) (2005 est.)

Population growth rate::

-0.31% (2005 est.)
0.02% (2002 est.)

Birth rate:

18.48 births/1,000 population (2005 est.)
20.63 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Death rate:

21.32 deaths/1,000 population (2005 est.)
18.68 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Net migration rate:

-0.22 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2005 est.)
-1.56 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002 est.)

Sex ratio:

at birth: 1.02 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 0.94 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.64 male(s)/female
total population: 0.94 male(s)/female (2005 est.)

Infant mortality rate:

total: 61.81 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 65.6 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 57.93 deaths/1,000 live births (2005 est.)
61.78 deaths/1,000 live births (2000 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:

total population: 43.27 years
male: 43.47 years
female: 43.06 years (2005 est.)
total population: 45.43 years
male: 45.19 years
female: 45.68 years (2000 est.)

Total fertility rate:

2.24 children born/woman (2005 est.)
2.38 children born/woman (2002 est.)

HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 21.5% (2003 est.)

HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: 5.3 million (2003 est.)

(Video) Demographics of South Africa

HIV/AIDS - deaths: 370,000 (2003 est.)

Nationality:

noun: South African(s)
adjective: South African

Ethnic groups (2001):

black 79%, white 9.6%, Coloured 8.9%, Asian 2.5%

Religions:

see:
Zion Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Catholic 7.1%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%, other Christian 36%, Islam 1.5%, Hindu 1.2%, Judaism 0.3%, other 2%, unspecified 1.4%, none 14.9% (2001 census)

Languages:

11 official languages, including Afrikaans, English, Southern Ndebele, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu. Other spoken languages include San dialects, Portuguese, German, Hindi, Telugu, Gujarati and also Tamil.

Literacy:

definition: Age 15 and over, can read and write
total population: 86.4%
male: 87%
female: 85.7% (2003 est.)
total population: 85%
male: 86%
female: 85% (2000 est.)

Largest cities

The following is a list of the ten most populous cities/municipalities in the country, with their populations from the 2001 census.

Rank Municipality Population (2001) Population (1996) Percent Change
from 1996-2001
1. Johannesburg, Gauteng 3,225,812 2,639,110 22.2%
2. Durban, KwaZulu-Natal 3,090,117 2,751,193 12.3%
3. Cape Town, Western Cape 2,893,251 2,563,612 12.9%
4. East Rand, Gauteng 2,480,282 2,026,807 22.4%
5. Pretoria, Gauteng 1,985,984 1,682,701 18.0%
6. Port Elizabeth, Eastern Cape 1,005,776 969,771 3.7%
7. East London, Eastern Cape 701,881 682,287 2.9%
8. Vereeniging, Gauteng 658,422 597,948 10.1%
9. Bloemfontein, Free State 645,441 603,704 6.9%
10. Thohoyandou, Limpopo 584,469 537,454 8.7%

List of largest cities in South Africa by population

Comparison of Black African and White South African Demographics

Black African demographics

As of the census of 2001, there are 35,416,164 Black Africans and 8,625,050 Black African households residing in South Africa. The Black African population density is 29/km². The density of Black African households is 7/km². Black Africans make up 79.0% of the total population.

The percentage of all Black African households that are made up of individuals is 19.9%. The average Black African household size is 4.11 members.

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In South Africa, the Black African population is spread out with 34.0% under the age of 15, 21.6% from 15 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 11.8% from 45 to 64, and 4.3% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age of a Black African is 21 years. For every 100 Black African females there are 91.1 Black African males. For every 100 Black African females age 18 and over, there are 86.2 Black African males.

In South Africa, 0.7% of Black African residents speak Afrikaans at home, 0.5% speak English, 2.0% speak Southern Ndebele, 22.3% speak Xhosa, 30.1% speak Zulu, 11.9% speak Northern Sotho, 10.0% speak Sesotho, 10.3% speak Tswana, 3.4% speak Swati, 2.9% speak Venda, and 5.6% speak Tsonga. 0.3% of the Black African population speaks a non-official language at home.

With regard to religion, 79.9% of Black African residents are Christian, 17.5% have no religion, 0.2% are Muslim, 0.0% are Jewish, 0.0% are Hindu and 2.3% have other or undetermined beliefs.

With regard to education, 22.3% of Black Africans aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 18.5% have had some primary school, 6.9% have completed only primary school, 30.4% have had some high school education, 16.8% have finished only high school, and 5.2% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 22.0% of Black Africans have completed high school.

The percentage of Black African housing units having a telephone and/or mobile phone in the dwelling is 31.1%. The percentage haveing access to a nearby phone is 57.2%, and 11.7% do not have nearby access or any access. The percentage of Black African households that have a flush or chemical toilet is 41.9%. Refuse is removed from 45.3% of Black African households by the municipality at least once a week, and 11.0% have no rubbish disposal. Some 17.9% of Black Africans have running water inside their dwelling, 51.7% have running water on their property, and 80.2% have access to running water. The percentage of Black African households using electricity for cooking is 39.3%, for heating, 37.2%, and for lighting, 62.0%. Radios are owned by 68.7% of Black African households while 44.2% have a television, 1.8% own a computer, 40.0% have a refrigerator, and 24.6% have a mobile phone.

The unemployment rate of the Black African population aged 15-65 is 28.1%.

The median annual income of Black African working adults aged 15-65 is ZAR 12,073. Black African males have a median annual income of ZAR 14,162 versus ZAR 8,903 for Black African females.

White South African demographics

As of the census of 2001, there are 4,923,638 Whites and 1,409,690 White households residing in South Africa. The White population density is 4/km². The density of White households is 1.16/km². Whites make up 9.6% of the total population.

The percentage of all White households that are made up of individuals is 19.1%. The average White household size is 3.05 members.

In South Africa, the White population is spread out with 19.0% under the age of 15, 15.1% from 15 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 23.8% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age of a White is 35 years. For every 100 White females there are 94.0 White males. For every 100 White females age 18 and over, there are 91.1 White males.

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In South Africa, 59.1% of White residents speak Afrikaans at home, 39.3% speak English, 0.0% speak Southern Ndebele, 0.1% speak Xhosa, 0.0% speak Zulu, 0.0% speak Northern Sotho, 0.0% speak Sesotho, 0.0% speak Tswana, 0.0% speak Swati, 0.0% speak Venda, and 0.0% speak Tsonga. 1.1% of the White population speaks a non-official language at home.

With regard to religion, 86.8% of White residents are Christian, 8.8% have no religion, 0.2% are Muslim, 1.4% are Jewish, and 0.0% are Hindu. 2.7% have other or undetermined beliefs.

With regard to education, 1.4% of Whites aged 20 and over have received no schooling, 1.2% have had some primary school, 0.8% have completed only primary school, 25.9% have had some high school education, 40.9% have finished only high school, and 29.8% have an education higher than the high school level. Overall, 70.7% of Whites have completed high school.

The percentage of White housing units having a telephone and/or mobile phone in the dwelling is 95.4%. The percentage haveing access to a nearby phone is 4.4%, and 0.2% do not have nearby access or any access. The percentage of White households that have a flush or chemical toilet is 98.7%. Refuse is removed from 90.8% of White households by the municipality at least once a week, and 0.5% have no rubbish disposal. Some 87.2% of White have running water inside their dwelling, 95.6% have running water on their property, and 99.4% have access to running water. The percentage of White households using electricity for cooking is 96.6%, for heating, 93.2%, and for lighting, 99.2%. Radios are owned by 94.7% of White households while 92.6% have a television, 46.0% own a computer, 97.6% have a refrigerator, and 74.6% have a mobile phone.

The unemployment rate of the White population aged 15-65 is 4.1%.

The median annual income of White working adults aged 15-65 is ZAR 65,405. White males have a median annual income of ZAR 81,701 versus ZAR 52,392 for White females. The annual income distribution of Whites in South Africa is 79.

Retrieved from "

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Demographics_of_South_Africa"

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