25 Basic Characteristics of Emotional Development - CareerCliff (2023)

(Last Updated On: December 24, 2022)

Characteristics of emotional development evolve around different activities. Emotion is a mental state that alters chemical stimuli, with various definitions of feelings, thinking, behavioral reactions, and somewhat nervousness involving pleasure or dissatisfaction. Emotion is directly related to one’s emotional intelligence, which is directly associated with other related skills throughout life.

Emotion Definition

The word emotion is derived from the Latin word emovere which means to reduce, to excite, to move, or the stirrup. Therefore, emotion is referred to as the stirring of the organism. When we feel anger, fear, joy, sadness, hate, etc. we feel excited or excited. An emotional state consists of feelings, emotions, and physical and physical reactions.

A feeling is a joy or an unpleasant experience. Each emotion is accompanied by impulsive or internal drives toward one kind or another. The mode of an emotion depends on the intensity of the emotion. Physical and physiological components refer to the actual body movements. Emotion is always awakened by a specific stimulus that may be a person, object, or event.

Different individuals can respond to different emotions with the same motivation. So emotion stands for a wide range of behaviors like love, anger, envy, etc. When there is such a thing as mind, anger, or joy, there are certain conditions of the mind. Psychologists have termed this emotional state as emotion.

Be purposeful in managing your child’s emotional life. Deliberately focus on her emotional needs. These needs are just as important as his cognitive, physical, and spiritual needs.

Build a strong bond with your child by spending quality time with them. Experts agree that parents who regularly interact with their children – from childhood – develop stronger bonds.

Stay tuned emotionally. Communicate with your child at a sensitive level. Try to understand what she is feeling. When he is happy he is happy for her; When she’s sad, cry with her.

Relatively Healthy Sensitive. Your children will imitate the way you handle your emotions and the way you relate to others. By managing your own emotions in a positive way, your kids will learn to do it.

Teach kids how to handle negative emotions. It doesn’t come naturally to do well. Children need to be taught how to handle defeat, deal with conflicts, or become angry in a healthy way. Children who are taught these skills early are capable of handling negative emotions as adults.

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Strong bond

According to pediatrician Mary Ainsworth, parents who firmly bond with their children share some traits. When their children are children, these parents are inclined to:

  • Respond more often and faster to their baby’s crying.
  • When she cries, guess exactly what their child needs.
  • Respond in a positive way to their child.
  • Spend more time conversing with their child.

The key to helping your child feel burdened is to acknowledge his or her feelings. Follow these steps to match your child more:

Label the feeling: For young children, the simplest label you present. Use words that are crazy, happy, sad, and scared. For older children, more specific words help them identify the right sensation: frustrated, worried, and overwhelmed.

Describe the reason for the feeling. Make your best guess about why your child feels like him. For example, say, “Looks like you’re crazy because Mom said you can’t have a dessert today.”

Don’t judge your child. Your child needs to know that it is okay to express emotions. However, many times you may need to teach yourself how to express your child’s feelings in a way that is healthy and not harmful to others.

Characteristics of emotional development

There are different types of emotions that influence how we live and interact with others. Here is one last place of these seven universal emotions, what they look like, and why we are biologically hard to express them:

  1. Anger
  2. Fear
  3. Disgrace
  4. Expression
  5. Understanding
  6. Sense of Identity
  7. Self-portrayal
  8. Emotional Swings
  9. Self-Esteem
  10. Self-awareness
  11. Self-control
  12. Motivation
  13. Emotional intelligence
  14. Empathy
  15. Social skills
  16. Attention
  17. Happiness
  18. Self-management
  19. Social awareness
  20. Relationship skills
  21. Responsible decision-making
  22. Sadness
  23. Surprise
  24. Contempt
  25. Affection

Emotion is a complex experience of sensation, consciousness, and behavior that reflects the individual significance of a subject, thing, or event.

Below are some of the emotional features

  1. Emotion is always awakened by a specific stimulus.
  2. The same stimulus can arouse different emotions.
  3. Maturity plays an important role in insensitive development.
  4. There are objective and subjective factors in the development of emotions.
  5. Emotion is stronger than emotion.
  6. Emotion is a stirring state of the organism.
  7. It is a fixed state of mind.
  8. Emotion is a feeling of joy and unpleasantness.
25 Basic Characteristics of Emotional Development - CareerCliff (1)

5 Main Areas of Child Development

  • Cognitive development
  • Fine motor skill development
  • Gross motor skill development
  • Social and emotional development
  • Speech and language development

Develop emotions

Children do not have a complete booklet of emotions at birth. Various emotions arise in the following order:

At birth, babies experience only normal sensory situations such as distress, contentment, and interest.

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Two to four months: A child’s “social smile” can be seen as evidence of happiness.

Four to six months: Primary emotions arise, including fear, excitement, anger, hatred, surprise, joy, and sorrow.

Six to 18 months: Primary emotions continue to develop and are conveyed in a wide range of ways by the child.

Eighteen to 24 months: Self-conscious sensations such as guilt, embarrassment, and pride develop.

Connecting your child

In order to interact with our children, we must understand their emotions and feel those emotions with them. Let’s take a look at how one mother, Sherry, spent the morning with her 5-year-old son, Nicholas.

9am – Nicholas is watching his favorite cartoon and turns the volume into a stimulating pitch. He laughs and dances while singing the characters. Sherry joins him and dances. She hugs him and then goes back to the kitchen jerk.

What Sherry did right: Sherry could scold Nicholas for turning on the television or he could just ignore her. Instead, Sherry recognized Nicholas’s happiness and he joined her in it. This brief interaction strengthens their bond. Nicholas loves and understands himself.

11 in the morning. – Nicholas is playing with a friend Jacob. Jacob pushes Nicholas off his bike and Nicholas pushes him back. Sherry tells Nicholas on the inside, “It’s not okay to hit Jacob. That hurts “” but he pushed me first,” Nicholas says. Sherry told Nicholas to take Jacob aside and he told her, “Nicholas, I know you Crazy When Jacob pushes you, he makes you up. You need to tell him that stress does not go away. “

7pm – Nicholas screams. Sherry rushes to Nicholas and holds him tight. “You’re scared. What happened?” He asked. However, Nicholas did not respond; She just cries. Sherry holds her until she’s calm, “Whatever it is, you’re really sad. I’m here for you.” Soon, Nicholas stopped crying and asked for breakfast.

What Sherry did right: Sherry confesses to Nicholas’s feelings. Instead of telling Nicholas to stop crying, Sherry labeled Nicholas’ feelings and gave him a chance to express those feelings. Nicholas got the feeling that it was okay to be sad and afraid was In the future, Nicholas would probably be reluctant to express that feeling.

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What Sherry did right: Sherry focused on Nicholas’ negative behavior while verifying his feelings. He informed her with Nicholas that it was okay to feel angry but not to hurt others.

25 Basic Characteristics of Emotional Development - CareerCliff (2)

Education Related to Emotion

Emotions are very important for a child as well as for a person. There are many things at home and at school that make a child more unhappy. This will keep the emotional conflict between the unhappy baby. For full expression of emotion, opportunities are needed at every stage of development. It is one of the supplements to support the characteristics of emotional development.

One of the goals of education is to promote proper control over emotions. Parents and teachers need to see at what stage of development children’s emotions become stressed. Their efforts should be where they can guide them in the proper way of expressing their emotions.

At each specific stage of development, appropriate stories, books, poems, and social activities. Field trips, tours, and study tours should be arranged.

The following suggestions can be considered for children’s mental balance:

  1. In order to achieve emotional balance, the causes of sensitive attacks should be eliminated.
  2. Children should express their emotions by organizing various activities in the school.
  3. Sometimes children are not allowed to express much of their emotions due to social restrictions. So they should be given the opportunity to verbalize their emotions.
  4. Education should be provided not only for the child to express his emotions but also for controlling them.
  5. A child should help develop a realistic understanding of the situation that causes unpleasant emotions.

Sometimes the sensations can also interfere with a learning process. We are unable to learn or read properly in a time of anger and emotion. When we are excited or inactive, it becomes difficult for us to think or study. However, it can be seen that children work harder for better performance because of the fear of failing the test. So it is clear that emotions interfere with learning.

What to Do for Emotional Development

Support your child. Provide physical support (hugs, kisses) and verbal support in acknowledging your child’s feelings.

Help your child understand why he is upset. Help him connect experience with emotions. Ask open-ended questions about what caused anger, sadness, fear, etc.

Give your kid space. To find a way to calm him down, he must briefly get out of the boring situation.

25 Basic Characteristics of Emotional Development - CareerCliff (3)

Encourage your child to use words to express their feelings. They should be used to describe what your child thinks rather than words used to hurt others.
Teach your child empathy. When your child is angry or upset, remind him that others often feel the same way. If she’s feeling the same, help her think about how she can help. He will develop empathy for others and find ways to help himself in the process.

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What not to do

Following is a list of the barriers affecting characteristics of emotional development.

Don’t try to fix everything. Find ways to solve your child’s problem and calm yourself down. He may need his time to figure out the best way to do this. It is one of the barriers affecting the characteristics of emotional development.

Don’t bribe your child to stop them from feeling bad. You do not want to short-circuit your child’s experience. He has to learn how to manage his feelings in the long run.

Do not distract your child from his feelings. By acting as if something happened or avoiding negative feelings, we prevent children from learning how to deal with them properly.

Do not punish your child. Repelling a child for feeling negative will not only make him feel bad, but it will also discourage him from being open about those feelings – or about them. It is important to encourage the proper expression of these emotions rather than discourage them. It is one of the barriers affecting the characteristics of emotional development.

Do not allow your child to hurt the feelings of others. Children can talk abusively and sometimes physically hurt others while upset. Teach your child that it is never right to harm others.

Final thought

Learning what feelings and emotions are, comprehending their nature and causes, identifying your own feelings as well as those of others, and creating practical coping mechanisms are all part of emotional growth.

The five skills of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relational skills, and responsible decision-making are the focus of social and emotional learning in schools. These abilities are viewed as the base upon which individuals may construct all other relationship abilities.

Your child may exhibit strong emotions and powerful sentiments, and their moods may appear erratic. Your child’s brain is still learning how to regulate and express emotions in a mature manner, which contributes to these emotional ups and downs.

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What are the characteristics of emotional development? ›

According to the National Center for Safe and Supportive Learning Environments, strong emotional development leads to five key skills: self-awareness, social-awareness, emotional regulation, responsible decision making and relationship building.

What are the 7 stages of emotional development? ›

These stages include infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and old age.

What are the basic characteristics of emotion? ›

Emotional experiences have three components: a subjective experience, a physiological response and a behavioral or expressive response.

What are the five characteristics of emotional intelligence according to Daniel Goleman? ›

Daniel Goleman's emotional intelligence theory outlines five components of EQ: self-awareness, self-regulation, motivation, empathy, and social skills. Emotional intelligence can be applied to meet goals and targets, as well as create a happier and healthier working culture.

What are the 7 characteristics of emotion? ›

Ekman proposed seven basic emotions: fear, anger, joy, sad, contempt, disgust, and surprise; but he changed to six basic emotions: fear, anger, joy, sadness, disgust, and surprise.

What are the 9 levels of emotion? ›

The most basic emotions are the primary ones: trust, fear, surprise, sadness, disgust, anger, anticipation and joy.

What are the six 6 basic types of emotions? ›

The Six Basic Emotions

A widely accepted theory of basic emotions and their expressions, developed Paul Ekman, suggests we have six basic emotions. They include sadness, happiness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust.

What are the 8 stages of human development? ›

The 8 stages of life
  • Infancy.
  • Toddlerhood.
  • Preschool years.
  • Early school years.
  • Adolescence.
  • Young adulthood.
  • Middle adulthood.
  • Late adulthood.

What are 34,000 emotions? ›

Plutchick believed that humans can experience over 34,000 unique emotions but, ordinarily, they experience eight primary emotions. These primary emotions include anger, fear, sadness, joy, disgust, surprise, trust, and anticipation. These emotions are arranged as opposites on the wheel: Sadness and Joy.

What are the 12 human emotions? ›

More recently, Carroll Izard at the University of Delaware factor analytically delineated 12 discrete emotions labeled: Interest, Joy, Surprise, Sadness, Anger, Disgust, Contempt, Self-Hostility, Fear, Shame, Shyness, and Guilt (as measured via his Differential Emotions Scale or DES-IV).

What are the 5 scales of emotional intelligence? ›

That's why emotional intelligence is split up into five different categories: internal motivation, self-regulation, self-awareness, empathy, and social awareness.

What are the 5 concepts of emotional intelligence? ›

This has been a brief introduction into the 5 components of Emotional Intelligence: self-awareness, self-regulation, social skills, empathy, and motivation.

What are the 25 emotions? ›

The patterns of emotion that we found corresponded to 25 different categories of emotion: admiration, adoration, appreciation of beauty, amusement, anger, anxiety, awe, awkwardness, boredom, calmness, confusion, craving, disgust, empathic pain, entrancement, excitement, fear, horror, interest, joy, nostalgia, relief, ...

Are there 27 emotions? ›

The discrete emotion theory claims that there are 12 discrete emotions (as measured via the Differential Emotions Scale), whereas according to the latest research conducted by the University of California, Berkeley, 27 distinct categories of emotions have been identified.

What are the 8 basic emotions with meaning? ›

Eight Primary Emotions

Joy: enjoyment, happiness, relief, bliss, delight, pride, thrill, and ecstasy. Interest: acceptance, friendliness, trust, kindness, affection, love, and devotion. Surprise: shock, astonishment, amazement, astound, and wonder. Disgust: contempt, disdain, scorn, aversion, distaste, and revulsion.

What are the 27 varieties of emotional experience? ›

The 27 emotions: admiration, adoration, aesthetic appreciation, amusement, anger, anxiety, awe, awkwardness, boredom, calmness, confusion, craving, disgust, empathic pain, entrancement, excitement, fear, horror, interest, joy, nostalgia, relief, romance, sadness, satisfaction, sexual desire, surprise.

What are the 4 stages of emotional development? ›

5 Stages of Emotional Development
  • "How does the emotional healing process work?," is a common question I am asked by people entering their transformative journey. ...
  • Stage 1: Acute. ...
  • Stage 2: Clearing. ...
  • Stage 3: Authentic Self. ...
  • Stage 4: Refining Your Gifts. ...
  • Stage 5: Mastery & Leadership.
Nov 19, 2015

What is basic emotional development? ›

Emotional development involves learning what feelings and emotions are, understanding how and why they occur, recognising your own feelings and those of others, and developing effective ways for managing those feelings.

What is one of the 10 basic emotions? ›

Carroll Izard identified ten primary emotions: fear, anger, shame, contempt, disgust, guilt, distress, interest, surprise, and joy—emotions that cannot be reduced to more basic emotions but that can be combined to produce other emotions.

What are 16 emotions? ›

They used the algorithm to track instances of 16 facial expressions one tends to associate with amusement, anger, awe, concentration, confusion, contempt, contentment, desire, disappointment, doubt, elation, interest, pain, sadness, surprise and triumph.

What are the 7 types of high emotion? ›

The 7 basic types of feelings and emotions include fear, contempt, disgust, sadness, anger, happiness, and surprise.

Are there 6 or 7 basic emotions? ›

There are six emotions known as the primary emotions: happiness, sadness, anger, fear, surprise, and disgust.

What are the 11 list six basic emotions that babies experience? ›

Infants (birth to 24 months of age) can express a wide range of basic emotions including: discomfort, pleasure, anger, fear, sadness and excitement.

What are the 6 emotional skills? ›

The model that I present below contains six emotional skills: self-awareness, emotional expression, self-regulation, empathy, social skills, and self-motivation.

What are the 10 life stages in human development? ›

  • Infant Development.
  • Toddler Development.
  • Preschooler Development.
  • Middle Childhood Development.
  • Adolescent Development.
  • Adult Development.

What are the 9 basic stages of life? ›

The average human life span falls into nine stages:
  • prenatal development.
  • infancy and toddlerhood.
  • early childhood.
  • middle childhood.
  • adolescence.
  • early adulthood.
  • middle adulthood.
  • late adulthood.

What are the 6 life stages? ›

A1 Main life stages: Infants (birth to 2 years) Early childhood (3–8 years) Adolescence (9–18 years) Early adulthood (19–45 years) Middle adulthood (46–65 years) Later adulthood (65+ years).

Are there 87 emotions? ›

In her latest book, Atlas of the Heart: Mapping Meaningful Connection and the Language of Human Experience, Brown explores no less than 87 emotions and experiences that shape and define our lives.

Do we have 10 known emotions? ›

LOS ANGELES: Scientists have identified 27 distinct types of emotions, challenging a long-held assumption that our feelings fall within the universal categories of happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, fear and disgust.

Are there only 7 emotions? ›

Dr. Ekman identified the six basic emotions as anger, surprise, disgust, enjoyment, fear, and sadness. His research shows the strongest evidence to date of a seventh emotion, which is contempt.

What are the 8 big emotions? ›

Primary: The eight sectors are designed to indicate that there are eight primary emotions: anger, anticipation, joy, trust, fear, surprise, sadness and disgust. Opposites: Each primary emotion has a polar opposite. These are based on the physiological reaction each emotion creates in animals (including humans…

What are the 13 parts of emotional intelligence? ›

Here are 13 of them:
  • You think about feelings. ...
  • You pause. ...
  • You strive to control your thoughts. ...
  • You benefit from criticism. ...
  • You show authenticity. ...
  • You demonstrate empathy. ...
  • You praise others. ...
  • You give helpful feedback.
Feb 28, 2018

What are the 3 C's of emotional intelligence? ›

It pays in dividends to be curious, courageous and compassionate. These are all muscles that can be developed with your commitment and with practice. There is major fire-power in this combination of Emotional Intelligence, IQ, courage, curiosity and compassion.

What are the 5 main modules of the EQ for leaders need to develop? ›

Goleman's EQ theory comprises five core components: empathy, effective communication or social skills, self-awareness, self-regulation, and motivation. It doesn't take much to familiarize yourself with the skills that make up EQ.

Which of the 5 emotional intelligence characteristics is the most important? ›

1. Self-awareness. As a self-aware leader you know how you feel. You recognise how your emotions affect those around you.

What are the characteristics of emotional development in later childhood? ›

The common emotional patterns of late childhood are – fear, jealousy, curiosity, affection and joy. Fear: Objects, situation, animals and people which terrify young children are accepted calmly by older children.

What are the five characteristics of social emotional development? ›

Social and emotional learning in schools involves 5 key abilities: self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship skills, and responsible decision-making. These skills are seen as the foundation upon which people can build all other relational skills.

What are the four characteristic features of emotional development during later childhood? ›

Characteristics of Emotional Development in Childhood
  • Interactions with Adults.
  • Relationship with Adults.
  • Interactions with Peers.
  • Relationship with Peers.
  • Identifies Self in Relation to Others.
  • Recognition of Ability.
  • Expression of Emotions.
  • Empathy.
Jun 14, 2021

What are some characteristics or traits of social emotional development? ›

This includes communicating clearly, listening actively, cooperating, resisting inappropriate social pressure, negotiating conflict constructively, and seeking and offering help when needed.

What are the characteristics of social emotional development in early childhood? ›

They learn to develop close relationships with caregivers, soothe themselves when they are upset, share and play with others, and listen and follow directions. All these signs indicate positive early social and emotional development.

How many types of emotional development are there? ›

The major types of emotions include fear, sadness, anger, surprise, excitement, guilt, shame, disgust, interest, and happiness. These emotions develop in an orderly sequence over the course of infancy and childhood.

What are the 6 domains of social and emotional development? ›

These components include social competence, emotional competence, behavior problems, self-regulation, and executive function.

What are 3 characteristics promoted by personal social and emotional development? ›

Being - managing feelings and behaviour. Belonging - making relationships. Becoming - self confidence and self awareness.

What are the big 6 emotions in emotional development? ›

The Six Basic Emotions

A widely accepted theory of basic emotions and their expressions, developed Paul Ekman, suggests we have six basic emotions. They include sadness, happiness, fear, anger, surprise and disgust.

What are the 8 stages of development? ›

The 8 stages of life
  • Infancy.
  • Toddlerhood.
  • Preschool years.
  • Early school years.
  • Adolescence.
  • Young adulthood.
  • Middle adulthood.
  • Late adulthood.

What are the 5 levels of emotion? ›

The levels of emotional awareness in ascending order are (1) awareness of physical sensations, (2) action tendencies, (3) single emotions, (4) blends of emotions (i.e., feeling multiple emotions at once), and (5) blends of blends of emotional experience.

What are the 5 characteristics of emotional intelligence in children? ›

  • Self-awareness. Self-awareness is about recognising and understanding your emotions – what you're feeling and why – as well as appreciating how they affect those around you. ...
  • Self-regulation. ...
  • Motivation. ...
  • Empathy. ...
  • Social skills.
Apr 28, 2021

What are the 4 most important parts of social emotional development at this age? ›

Children grow and develop rapidly in their first five years across the four main areas of development. These areas are motor (physical), communication and language, cognitive, and social and emotional.

What are the main forms of emotional development in the first five years of life? ›

The first five years of life are a period of incredible growth in all areas of a child's development. Social and emotional development includes the child's experience, expression and management of their emotions, and the ability to establish positive and rewarding relationships with others.


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